Global energy production has grown 2.5-fold in the past 50 years. – The Lancet. The question is: how big of a fraction of the total number of cases are confirmed? A systematic review and meta-analysis by Chu et al. A., Cucunubá, Z., Mesa, D. O., Green, W., Thompson, H., Nayagam, S., Ainslie, K. E. C., Bhatia, S., Bhatt, S., Boonyasiri, A., Boyd, O., Brazeau, N. F., Cattarino, L., … Ghani, A. C. (2020). What can we expect for the future? And for a well-referenced summary of current scientific knowledge: Mohammed, Manal (2020). In some countries gender discrimination leads to skewed sex ratios at birth. License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. Open sourced data and insights are key! To get the right mindset for your most important job of 2020: Wash your hands like you just cut some chillies and now have to put contact lenses in. The data, its source, and its visualization are often conveniently co-located. Who is emitting greenhouse gases? When we decided to build the testing database we did so because we wanted to build this chart: one that brings together the epi curve with the relevant information about how much a country actually tests to allow everyone to monitor the quality of the reported data. The attacks of terrorists receive a lot of attention from the media and often dominate the public discourse. Diarrheal diseases are one of the leading cause of child deaths while they are largely preventable. 5 million people die prematurely from air pollution each year. Some of us can’t stay home. How is this distribution changing? There are large inequalities in dietary diversity between countries. One generation ago polio paralyzed hundreds of thousands of children every year. 36 billion tonnes of CO₂ are emitted every year. Updated daily. An estimated 2 billion people are deficient in essential micronutrients. Mask wearing is altruistic too. Embedding our charts in your article is as easy as embedding a YouTube video. Let’s do it. The Data Explorer below shows which countries are making progress to this goal and which are not. What are the consequences of undernourishment and how can we make progress against hunger and undernourishment? Science | AAAS. Beyond the individual level we can join forces to achieve even more. How is education financed? What energy sources does the world rely on? But soap and water are the better protection – medical microbiologist Manal Mohammed wrote an excellent summary of how to keep your hands clean. 2020. Rapid outbreaks are the default with COVID-19. Some countries have not been able to contain the pandemic. The global median age increased from 22 years in 1970 to 31 years. A country is coded as having these restrictions if at least some sub-national regions have implemented them. 2.6 million people die from pneumonia every year. What is the global distribution of agricultural labor today? Because no academically sound organization built a database on testing we here at Our World in Data spend much of our work on building the required international testing database that allows us to make sense of the available counts of confirmed cases. Countries are grouped into four categories: Note that there may be sub-national or regional differences in restrictions. We will explore these later. 1 million people die from HIV/AIDS each year. 40,000 people die from Tetanus every year. (n.d.). Our World in Data Research and data to make progress against the world’s largest… Poverty, disease, hunger, climate change, war, existential risks, and inequality: The world faces many great and terrifying problems. We built the most reliable database on testing and on our dedicated page you can find the data, the country-by-country documentation and a clear explanation of why testing matters. Particularly informative is the metric ‘share of positive tests’ – which shows you the share of tests that are confirming a case. Founded in 2011, by Max Roser, Our World in Data is a web publication that visualizes datasets of global trends across time and presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. Our World In Data, created by Max Roser, a James Martin Fellow researching income inequality and inclusive growth at the Institute for New Economic Thinking, Oxford Martin School, visualises long-term data to tell the history of the world that we live in, looking at long-term economic, social and environmental trends. How does access to school differ around the world? But just as the chart before that focused on confirmed deaths, it is clear that a rapid, devastating outbreak is not the fate that countries inevitably face. is a web publication that focusses on the large global problems including poverty, disease, hunger, climate change, war, existential risks, and inequality. Outdoor air pollution is one of the world’s largest health and environmental problems. (2020). Immunity, 52(5), 737–741. Current research however suggests that even the worst affected regions are not close to the immunity threshold. Smallpox was a horrible disease common around the world. What policy makers need to know about COVID-19 protective immunity. World data visualization.Let us understand the changing world. To end the Coronavirus pandemic, we have a clear and simple goal: cases need to go to zero everywhere., See the CDC ‘How COVID-19 Spreads‘, the ECDC ‘Q&A on COVID-19‘, and the WHO ‘Q&A on COVID-19‘, Chu, Derek K; Elie A Akl, Stephanie Duda, Karla Solo, Sally Yaacoub, Prof Holger J Schünemann, et al. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. You can see from the chart that some countries – such as England & Wales3 and Spain – suffered high levels of excess mortality, while others – such as Germany and Norway – experienced much more modest increases in mortality. Published 5 June 2020. So far it has been seen by more than 25 million on YouTube, and many others on other platforms where it was reposted. We made it available for everyone – epidemiologists, the WHO, the UN, and many governments rely on our database for their daily work. It shows us whether reported cases go to zero and crucially gives us an indication of how good that reporting is. Increasing the production of crops per area of land is of key importance for food security, living standards, and decreasing humanity’s impact on the environment. The world map here shows this data – it is exactly the same data shown as the line color in the chart above. The world has seen great improvements in health. And what are the health impacts? Any country you might not see immediately you can find via the. The data on confirmed cases only becomes meaningful when it can be interpreted in light of how much a country is testing. In our page dedicated to the mortality risk we explain why it is difficult to answer this question and what we do know – we explain the difference between the infection and the case fatality rate, explain common mistakes in interpreting mortality statistics, and we report the case fatality rate for countries around the world – as always we update it daily. What are the social and individual returns to education? Humanity made a lot of progress against big problems before – if you have doubts, read our Short History of Global Living Conditions. Vincent Weißer. We would like to acknowledge and thank a number of people in the development of this work: Carl Bergstrom, Bernadeta Dadonaite, Natalie Dean, Joel Hellewell, Jason Hendry, Adam Kucharski, Moritz Kraemer and Eric Topol for their very helpful and detailed comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this work. Many of us have to go to work, others have to go to school. 4] Policy responses to limit the spread of the disease. The institution of marriage is changing quickly. Healthcare funding is essential for good health. The WHO recommends that you “maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and others.”– WHO (2020) – Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. allowed to leave only once every few days, or only one person can leave at a time, etc. Why are not all countries included in this chart? Countries that kept the rate of infection low were able to avoid a sharp peak of the epidemic and the number of people who were sick at the same time remained within the capacity of the healthcare system. In many parts of the world famines have been common in the past. In countries that test very little in relation to their outbreak – shown in shades of red in the chart – many cases are likely to go unreported. Our way of calculating the rate here is slightly different. Misconceptions about past development means many are pessimistic about future progress. 303,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes every year. How much water do we use? The entire world has the same goal: cases of COVID-19 need to go to zero. Because the P-score measures percentage difference within a country, it allows for direct comparisons across countries. However, since we currently lack any pharmaceutical defense against COVID-19 it is clear that eradication is at best a hopeful possibility far beyond our current horizon. • In all our maps you can click on any country to switch to the chart view and see its change over time. In a fast-evolving pandemic it is not a simple matter to identify the countries that are most successful in making progress against it. And what needs to happen to reduce emissions? Book publication has been a key driver of knowledge-sharing and education. Responding successfully means two things: limiting the direct and the indirect impact of the pandemic. people with a positive result) divided by either the number of people tested, or by the number of tests performed. How did it change and what will the age structure of populations look like in the future? Our World in Data focuses on communicating the best research and data that helps us understand and find solutions to the world’s … At the WHO media briefing on 30 March, Dr Michael Ryan expressed this in terms of the positivity rate (the inverse of the number of tests per case): “…In general where testing has been done fairly extensively we’ve seen somewhere between 3 and 12% of tests being positive… we would certainly like to see countries testing at the level of ten negative tests to one positive as a general benchmark of a system that’s doing enough testing to pick up all cases.“. You can find the (long) list of data … The organized killings targeted at particular groups for their ethnicity, religion or political belief killed many millions. These countries suffered a smaller direct impact, but they also limited the indirect impacts because they were able to release lockdown measures earlier. The aim is to give a global overview and to show changes over the very long run, so that we can see where we are coming from, where we are today, and what is possible for the future. That's why I've become a monthly donor to Our World in Data! How many people die from these attacks and how did it change over time? Here you find the acknowledgements. Books have been at the center of science and the arts for centuries. It is these large problems that our work at Our World in Data focuses on. Who consumes the most alcohol? How common was violence in the distant past? Accessed on June 17,2020. Only if people are close to each other can the virus travel from one person to the next; that’s why ‘Watch your distance’ is one of the three Ws – keeping distance means breaking the chain of infections. Japan ends its COVID-19 state of emergency. Publications Open-access online publications Our World in Data. 50% of the world's habitable land is used for agriculture. The WHO has suggested a positive rate lower than 10% – but better lower than 3% – as a general benchmark of adequate testing.5. Workers in richer countries tend to work fewer hours than workers in poorer countries. Explore our work on Sanitation across the world. We would simply report new cases over time – a chart that the literature refers to as the epidemic curve, often shortened to epi curve. 2,884 kcal per day is the global average food supply per person. Baseline days represent a normal value for that day of the week, given as median value over the five‑week period from January 3rd to February 6th 2020. Together with colleagues at the Robert Koch Institute, the Chan School of Public Health, the UK Public Health Rapid Support Team, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and other institutions we study countries that responded most successfully in detail. Our World in Data. How can we continue to make progress against these diseases? The pandemic will come to an end when the world population has immunity against the disease. Every tenth person in the world lives on less than $1.90 per day. When did obesity increase? Scientists around the world are working on solutions to fight this pandemic – better tests, medication, and in the best scenario, a vaccine – but this takes time. See global data on peacekeeping activities. What is the health impact? Excess mortality and the rate of the confirmed deaths is what we focus on in the sections below, but for a fuller assessment a wider perspective is useful. This is the logic of ‘flattening the curve’. I'm a big supporter. Some countries saw large outbreaks, but then ‘bent the curve’ and brought the number of deaths down again. But the virus most likely enters your body via your hands and the research is clear that washing your hands with simple soap and water is the best thing you can do to protect yourself from infection.8. It is possible that a share of the population already has some form of immunity – in this case this share of the population would already get us closer to the required threshold. 2.8 million people die prematurely from alcohol consumption every year. This is sometimes called ‘social distancing’, but since in these days of modern communication we can be social even if we are not physically close, physical distancing is more accurate. 3.4 million people die prematurely from outdoor air pollution every year. Walker, P. G. T., Whittaker, C., Watson, O. J., Baguelin, M., Winskill, P., Hamlet, A., Djafaara, B. If someone is infected with COVID-19, how likely is that person to die? Why do countries become democratic? How has the pandemic changed the movement of people around the world? How did it change over time? Help us do this work by making a donation. At what level do they teach? This will likely take a long time and it obviously involves many people getting sick and dying from the disease. Some were able to prevent a large outbreak altogether. The data on the coronavirus pandemic is updated daily. Who is most affected by the ‘hidden hunger’ of micronutrient deficiency? The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. Solar, wind, hydropower, and other renewable energy sources currently account for a small share of global energy. This data portal produced by the Oxford Martin Programme on Global Development at the University of Oxford is made available as a public good. What determines how large or small the world population will be? Where does the plastic in our oceans come from and what can we do to reduce plastic pollution? Not touching your face is harder than it might first appear. We need to look at the countries that responded most successfully and learn what allows to make progress against the pandemic. How are incomes distributed and how and why did the distribution change over time? These two interactive maps show where schools and workplaces are closed as a response to the pandemic. Our World in Data is the website that presents the Long-term Data on how our World is Changing – Visualised in Maps and Graphs. Beyond this we teamed up with our friends from the YouTube channel Kurzgesagt and collaborated with them to make this video on the COVID-19 pandemic. Pre-Primary education differ between countries as Stewart Brand put it research, and visualizations teaching! Identifying a large negative impact on the pandemic is the global average fertility rate is then to... Not all countries included in this chart various forms has fallen, but are not hand. Has affected health systems and living standards have increased in recent months gives... 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