These people tended to settle in the back country and away from the more developed coastal areas.[15]. This was a gradual shift by the 18th century but by 1750 the population of Virginia had skyrocketed to 450,000 and was almost evenly divided between African and European peoples. Types of Colonies • Joint Stock – colonies granted to private companies in the hopes of creating profits from colonization • Proprietary – land granted to individuals for the purpose of creating colonies; the individuals had the right then to grant land to whomever they chose • Royal – colonies headed by the English crown/government itself. Settlements of the Chesapeake region grew slowly due to diseases such as malaria. In society, women in Chesapeake had much more power due to the highly unbalanced ratio of men to women. The Chesapeake Colonies I. This became their main source of income in the Chesapeake colonies. _____ companies were formed by entrepreneurs in Britain who hoped to _____ by establishing a colony 2. Most of these exports were headed to Britain, whose Navigation Acts restricted trade with other countries. The south and Chesapeake's point of the triangle involved the import of slaves from Africa, and the exporting of tobacco and other goods to England.[5]. Add your answer and earn points. Tobacco grew successfully in the Chesapeake Bay region and turned a comparatively large which allowed for the colonies in the region to succeed. Their social class was made up of elite individuals who included merchants, vendors, and farmers. The seventeenth and early eighteenth century, brought thousands of immigrants to America in pursuit of freedom and a new life. Chesapeake Colonies. During the early eighteenth century white men and women in the Chesapeake colonies could devise a patriarchal form of family government. * What kinds of settlers arrived in Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, In the early 1600’s, English people, attempting to escape the economic crisis that had plagued England, began migrating to the Americas and establishing colonies. The agricultural land was organized into a plantation system: a manorial structure in which a gentry of landed aristocrats (most of whom were successful early settlers to the region) owned the plantation. This caused the development of large plantations near the Atlantic Coast and little urban activity, as the small farms were forced to live in the back country where Indian relations were volatile. During the British colonization of North America, the Thirteen Colonies provided England with much needed money and resources. By the early 18th century the slave population outnumbered the white population. To be genteel, that is, a member of the gentry, meant to be refined; free of all rudeness. Sort by: Top Voted. Thus, slave importing began to grow and grow and grow until Charleston was a leading importer in slaves. The lack of social infrastructure … The local economy in the Balls and southern colonies was characterized by the headright, the right to receive 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land for any immigrant who settled in Virginia or paid for the transportation of an immigrant who settled in Virginia (51.342 acres (207,770 m2) per head). These slaves left a lasting impact upon southern agricultural techniques as well as social aspects of southern society. Education in the Chesapeake Colonies. While succeeding for a while, the rebellion fell apart when Nathaniel Bacon died, though it still left a reminder of how much influence the average settler had in early American government. In New England the population was largely English, but America as a whole had more than 20 ethnic strains present, nowhere in Europe could such a heterogeneous mixture be found. The social differences were due to the people who settled there, while the New England emigrated as a family, the Chesapeake emigrated with mostly male. In the Chesapeake and Southern regions, society was based heavily on agriculture, and therefore the landscape was much more rural. Asked by Wiki User. The West Indies and the Southern colonies. Another characteristic is that women were severely outnumbered by men; therefore, it, Social Structure and Development in the Chesapeake and New England Colonies. The Chesapeake and New England colonies were both settled by predominantly British immigrants. These differences were noticeable in social structure, economic outlook, and religious background. Differences between the Chesapeake Bay and New England ColoniesThere are many key differences that distinguish the inhabitants of the New England colonies from those of the Chesapeake Bay colonies. The agricultural society affected which items southern colonists exported. And of course it did not help that, since tobacco prices were unstable from the Navigation Acts, there was a prolonged economic depression. The premier reason for the differentiation of the evolvement was primarily due to the motives for the foundations of these regions. [18], Both the southern colonies and those in the Chesapeake had a similar government: a governor and a council appointed by the crown, and an assembly or house of representatives that was elected by the people. Who doesn't love being #1? Although it was intended as a refuge for Catholics a significant part of the population was Protestants and Protestants gained control of the colony during the English Civil Wars. Most large population centers in colonial America were located in New England or the Middle Colonies. What were a few of the notable characteristics of Chesapeake life in the seventeenth century? What were the Social classes, diversity like in the New England, Chesapeake, Middle, and Southern colonies? The New England and Chesapeake colonies developed into two different societies due to their differences in economics, social development, and religion. New England and Chesapeake colonies had political, economic and social differences. Fortunately, growing demand for these products meant a ready market with mostly escalating prices. Tobacco was responsible for the success of some of these men. Experienced slaves were brought from Africa to cultivate rice and indigo. The largest social class in the South and Chesapeake regions were the merchants, vendors, and small farmers of the colonies. The social lives of colonial women in the Chesapeake region were extremely different than those of the women in New England. While the British impacted many aspects of American culture, the political prestige and power of the British Empire perhaps had the strongest effect of all. Many slaves tried to escape from their owners but very few succeeded. Farming formed the primary labor … The slaves also completed the trading process known as Triangle trade. the colonies of Chesapeake Bay and New England came to the New World for two different reasons. Also Know, what was the main reason for the founding of the New England colonies? Forensic Accounting as it relates to fraud Essay. Consisting of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire, the New England region presents many intriguing ways of achieving their goals. superiority, the Chesapeake school brought to the forefront the Chesapeake region’s similarities to England and their cultural dominance in the colonies.Yet, none of the studies really focused on women and compared their roles between the two places for differences and similarities. ZombieBug ZombieBug 7 minutes ago History High School What were the Social classes, diversity like in the New England, Chesapeake, Middle, and Southern colonies? [4], Since the demand for all of these products continued to grow, farmers found themselves with a little extra money around. One outcome of this polarized society and economic depravity was Bacon's Rebellion, where farmers, wanting the unused Indian lands, attacked the local tribes and the government. The House of Burgesses, as with most colonial assemblies, was elected by free, white, landowning men. The two colonies get their name from the Chesapeake Bay. Because Native Americans proved independent and difficult to enslave for forced cultivation and indentured servants were only temporary, growers in the South turned to African slave importation to meet their demand for labor. Likewise, the Chesapeake Bay, which contain Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina and part of South, Indeed, New England and the Chesapeake regions both had settlers of English descent; by the 1700's the developments of these sodalities had sculptured them into two distinct societies. Carolina was a slave colony upon conception. The social classes consisted of planters at the top, then the small farmers, then the landless whites (mostly former indentured servants), and lastly the African slaves on the bottom. The largest social class in the south and Chesapeake regions were the merchants, vendors and small farmers of the colonies. Read More. All APUSH students should be able to identify and describe characteristics of the 13 British colonies. The Social effects of colonization can be summed up by looking at the three different races directly affected by this initial colonization and the long lasting effects it portended. It appointed officials to run each section and they served as rulers away from home. The Chesapeake region was inhabited mostly by young men who come to the New World in pursuit of money. Their different economics also affected their social development. Since bringing over indentured servants was the easiest way get more land, it became a popular for wealthy planters to bring in the indentured servants in mass numbers. Though some were honest men, wishing to scrape out a new life in the new world, many of these men were criminals, waifs, and convicts, sent to the new world as punishment. As much power as the governor had, the ability of the assembly to exert power over the British-appointed governor led was a display of the division between the colonies and their mother country.[19]. By 1700, the Virginia colonists had made their fortunes through the cultivation of tobacco, setting a pattern that was followed in Maryland and the Carolinas. This was intended to promote settlement and ownership of small farms by several immigrants, from which staple crops such as indigo, rice, and especially tobacco could be grown for profit. Unlike the Spanish & French, the British colonies were not funded or _____ by the king: 1. The Virginia Company of London received a charter from King James I of England to establish Jamestown in 1607 in the New World as a profit-making venture. This spawned the creation of two distinct social classes throughout the Southern Colonies: a wealthy aristocratic class of large landowners, and the modest substance farmer. Answer. As agriculture grew in importance in the southern economy, the demand for more workers grew as well. * Winthrop wants them to be a city in which everyone can copy, and look up to. Some desired freedom from religious persecution, others wanted a chance to be free from the poverty that ensnared them in England Thus the American colonies were formed. The remainder of the population was those who were neither landed gentry nor slaves. [2], So it was because of all these effects from the Headright that made the local economy largely rural. [8], In the early 17th century, Americans in Virginia and Maryland discovered tobacco to be very profitable. [7] Finally, at the top of the social ladder stood old, wealthy English families, clergymen, magistrates and large land holders in America. See answer ZombieBug is waiting for your help. This would eventually merge the Chesapeake colonies with the Southern colonies in Plantation lifestyle, unlike the fur and trade economics of the New England colonies. Cash crops like tobacco, rice, and indigo were the areas main exports. A lot of land was given to tobacco plantations because there was such a high demand for the good in Europe. Bondspeople worked the land. Once a _____ was gained from the king, the company could maintain a colony in the New World II. Wealth and status quickly became an important component of the southern culture. Chapter 7: Chesapeake Colonies. Chapter 4 Questions The political structure of the Southern Colonies and the Chesapeake region and the manner of the different American political figures reflected the structure of the British Government. All of this moneymaking allowed farmers to buy more slaves to continue the cycle. The governor had the most power of any, his duties including judicial, religious, military, appointing officials, leader of legislature, but no power over public funds. Within New England and the Chesapeake colonies were very different social conditions. Question: Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by of English origin, by 1700 the region had evolved into two different societies. James Oglethorpe, one of the Georgia Trustees strongly resisted pressure from South Carolina to introduce slavery (late in life Oglethorpe was closely associated with Granville Sharp and other leading abolitionists). All of the economic success that resulted from these trading tendencies led to a bigger rich-poor gap in society as the rich became richer and bought more slaves to get even more money. However, by 1749 powerful South Carolina interests and their allies had clandestinely brought so many slaves into Georgia that the Georgia Trustees were unable to stem the tide. In the Chesapeake colonies we notice that the society is made of mostly men according to document C. In support the colonist first settled in the Chesapeake colonies to make money through joint-stock companies. Obvious disadvantages would be that trade could only occur with one country, eliminating hundreds of thousands of possible buyers. Characteristics of the Chesapeake Colonies. However, after the events of Bacon's Rebellion plantation owners began to find slaves to be a better investment than indentured servants. The first successful settlement in the Chesapeake, Jamestown (1607), was set up by the Virginia Company and therefore its population was made up mostly of English. Another way they controlled the population was executing slaves convicted of violence against a white. The government was generally run by the rich plantation owners who already had enough land and just wanted to avoid conflict, so the poor free men rebelled by holding the House of Burgesses hostage. These people were … Though indigo and rice were also grown, the demand for tobacco and the ease with which it grew turned tobacco into the largest cash crop for the Chesapeake and southern colonies. This is the currently selected item. In political and religious matters, Virginia differed considerably from the New England colonies. While North Carolina adopted the practices and economy of Virginia due to similar environmental set up and immigrant ethnicity, South Carolina developed differently because of the large influx of immigrants from Barbados. Settlements of the Chesapeake region grew slowly due to diseases such as malaria. While the colonies were separated geographically from their homeland, the powerful political influence of the King and Parliament greatly affected their politics. The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland, later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay. The New England colonies and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by populations of people of English origin. Slaves imported into the society influenced which crops would be grown and therefore which crops would be exported. Add your answer and earn points. The local economy polarized the society from the Atlantic Coast plantation owners to the small scale farmers who wanted the unused Indian land. [14], Carolina, originally one colony, later divided into North and South Carolina due to influences by immigrants. Pedigree mattered more than anything, and wealthy, English families stood at the top of the social ladder. Practice: Slavery in the British colonies. Slaves brought their African knowledge which aided the development of rice and indigo growing. The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland, later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay. Dr. Alexander Hamilton (1712 – 1756) was a Scottish-born doctor and writer who lived and worked in Annapolis, Maryland. By Joseph Parish. As the rulers of the Southern and Chesapeake colonies, the Crown imposed its will upon the region and established control by intervening in legislative affairs. The Chesapeake colonies were built on the ideal of becoming a Great Planters, which caused a riff between the upper and lower classes. In the Chesapeake Bay area cities included only Baltimore, Maryland, and Richmond, Virginia, in the Chesapeake region, and in the southern colonies, Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia. These cities served as major seaports for the colonies in their trade with Europe, African, and the Caribbean. Social classes, diversity Plantation owners Small farmers Landless whites Indentured servants slaves The largest social class in the South and Chesapeake regions were the merchants, vendors, and small farmers of the colonies. Many of the tragedies of Spanish colonization and England’s conquest of Ireland were repeated in the American South and the British Caribbean. Lesson summary: Slavery in the British colonies . The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century (Outline). Slavery in the British colonies. Next lesson. [21] The power of the Royal Government grew and they were soon in control of their trade. The political difference between the New England and Chesapeake region was that New England government associate more with religious matter than the Chesapeake government. As a result, clear definitions of the different social classes were created, and tensions began to form between those ... and climate were two other major factors that resulted in contrasting features between the Chesapeake and New England colonies. A woman's place was at home or helping her husband. Tobacco saved the Chesapeake Bay Colony and Jamestown. Why did this difference in development occur? By the 18th century the slave population outnumbered the white population. The Chesapeake was plantation and farm-based because the southern weather and soil were ideal for agriculture. [16] In the upland country, most free European settlers had similar conditions of wealth and were not as stratified as in the cities. Although the colonies were all united under British rule, they eventually separated into various regions including the Chesapeake region, establish colonies in the New World. New questions in History. This would eventually merge the Chesapeake colonies with the Southern colonies in Plantation lifestyle, unlike the fur and trade economics of the New England colonies. What are the Economic characteristics of the New England, Chesapeake, Middle, and Southern colonies? A large portion of land in the South was frontier "back country" that was less settled and abutted Indian land. They founded the Chesapeake colonies such as Virginia in 1607 and Maryland in 1634 they founded the New England colonies such as Massachusetts in 1630, Connecticut in 1635, Rhode Island is 1636 and New Hampshire in 1639. Also the colonies had a very distinct system of the social class, starting with the aristocrats, lesser professional men, farmers, hired hands, indentured servants, jailbird and slaves. Slavery in the British colonies. Americans vested authority in personalities, rather than, as in England, in institutions of tradition. * How would tens of thousands of settlers immigrating to New England with this image of their own purpose shape the development of that colony? Thesis Statement: When talking about New England and the Chesapeake region, you have to consider the differences in motives and geography. The gap between social classes differed from the north to the south, due to a distinction in morals and economic foundations. They want to be a prosperous yet very close minded estate with no religious tolerance. Slavery in the British colonies. These workers, the African American Slaves, were the lowliest of those living in the colonies, standing below even the indentured workers who powered much of the new world. [13], Maryland was established by George Calvert as a refuge for Roman Catholics. This diversity then led to their split with time. Leo Lemay says his 1744 travel diary Gentleman's Progress: The Itinerarium of Dr. Alexander Hamilton is "the best single portrait of men and manners, of rural and urban life, of the wide range of society and scenery in colonial America." Like most joint stock companies, DBQ ESSAY [10], Founded in 1733 as a model yeoman society, slavery was prohibited. and most likely will cause a struggling town or city to fall into the extremes of poverty and wealth. The husband was master of his household and expected to earn a living for his family. New laws also forced the colonies to change the way they managed their government and economy. With no large cities in the colonies, social life revolved around plantation and farm life. The slave trade accelerated, the decline of white immigration reduced the sex ratio and reduced the demand for teenage brides, and increased adult life expectancy. Tobacco, rice, and indigo, which were enumerated products, could only be traded to Britain which had advantages and disadvantages. Generally they were taken back to the plantation and whipped hundreds of times or castrated as punishment. 0 0 1. These diseases cut 10 years from the life expectancy of new settlers from England. Each member of a household had certain duties: men worked in fields, directing slaves … Be the first to answer! Be the first to answer this question. [17], The first democratically elected government was the House of Burgesses, which was first convened in 1619 by Governor George Yeardley in Virginia. Before the 17th century indentured servants were used to cultivate the land, but soon the new world's appeal to potential indentured servants decrease because the land grants they were formerly promised were no longer available. This group, collectively known as yeoman farmers, constituted the majority of European colonists in the South and the Chesapeake areas. Taylor explores the Chesapeake social class structure and how economics influenced its shape in the Chesapeake colonies. Slave's usefulness and the economic gain to be had by using them also increased the number of Africans that were imported. 9/24/12 Much like the old world, colonial America was divided into a rigid social structure. The desirable niche that tobacco held in the world market resulted in great prosperity for the regions in which it was grown. Colonial North America. These families often controlled vast numbers of workers as well. Other people who belonged to the elite social class included clergymen, magistrates, and plantation owners. Just as the English established their first outpost on Chesapeake Bay with a set of goals and strategies in, the eighteenth century was at the height of the industrial revolution, none of which reached America. Both the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies started as similar colonies but developed into different societies. They want to be a city upon a hill, literally where they can control everyone around them. 1. Tobacco became a very popular crop and required lots of land and … … Slaves made up a large percentage of the South's population. Slavery in the colonial history of the United States, http://www.lva.va.us/whatwehave/local/va4_headrights.htm, http://students.ou.edu/H/Mark.A.Hall-1/tippowerpoint.ppt#256,1,Growth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colonial_South_and_the_Chesapeake&oldid=990380884, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 04:12. What were the Social classes, diversity like in the New England, Chesapeake, Middle, and Southern colonies? Chesapeake: 2 social classes: planter class & indentured servants; wide community; distant relationships New England: tight community; close relationships in which everyone knew each other; focused on education (school & religion); diverse hierarchy. The slaves were taken from their families in Africa and worked all day cultivating, drying leaves, and packing the tobacco. In 1660, the King tightened up the royal government's hold in the colonies due to uprisings throughout the South and the Chesapeake region. Differences in Development between the Chesapeake Regions and New England DOCUMENT A: Each colony had a specific goal or aspiration that it planned to achieve. Tobacco products, lumber, grain and boats. [1], Social standing was determined by how much wealth a person had. Unlike the women in New England, southern women were allowed to have some say in whom they chose as a husband. These colonies were separated into different regions among America. Early on, labor shortages were solved temporarily by indentured servitude; however, this system eventually proved inefficient. The Chesapeake colonies supported British mercantilism with their tobacco crops and the. Given that the New England and Chesapeake region were both largely settled by those of English origin, by the 1700 they had evolved into two distinct societies because of the contrast in their geographical locations, their political structure, and their, In the 1600s, America began colonization. The diversifying of agriculture was key to avoid economic slumps that could have resulted from the fluctuating tobacco prices. In this class, etiquette was rigidly enforced; no one was allowed to "dress above their station" and were forced to sit in church according to their own social standing. Get the answers you need, now! America was unique in its political structure. Chesapeake Colonies: Virginia, Maryland. Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay 1819 Words | 8 Pages. The colonizers belonged to one of the most desirable social classes in Chesapeake. The young colony soon became a satellite of South Carolina, and in a few years had 15,000 enslaved black people working on the plantations.[11][12]. New laws were passed along with the Navigation Acts, and Vice Admiralty Courts were also established to prevent biased judging towards colonists. The family was also affected by the change also, because the need for slaves. Both the Chesapeake colonies and the New England colonies had different social structure and development. As a result, the society became polarized between those who owned large tracts of land near the Atlantic and people whose land was subject to Indian attack as well as former indentured servants who could not afford the favored land . Protestant Christianity was the predominant religion in the Chesapeake colonies until the late 19th century. Each section of the colonies maintained certain principles which it emphasized for educational necessities. Therefore, plantation owners began to import slaves from Africa to do the work. Lesson summary: Chesapeake and Southern colonies . [6] Next, predictably, were these same indentured servants, men who were offered passage to America in return for years of labor. The deerskin trade was also a major factor in the economic growth of Charleston, South Carolina, which exported an average of 54,000 deer skins per year between 1699 and 1715. Up Next. Although slave marriages were not legally recognized, slaves – particularly females – did what they could to. Most of these settlers were male immigrants from England who died soon … Lawmakers feared the growing African population, so they began to enforce restrictions on the number of black people that were imported. 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