Scales help us work out distance to our destination and therefore how long it will take us to get there. Different kinds of maps exist for different uses. Firstly, if you have a map on you, just take it out and have a look around it. >> In this section, you will learn how to read the 4 figure grid references on Ordnance Survey maps << DESCRIPTION All maps contain grid lines (generally blue or brown) which are useful in finding exact places and locations.Tourists use grid lines to find where they want to for example finding roads, museums and other places of interest. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Firstly, numbers are read from the vertical grid lines, going east, then from the horizontal grid lines, going north. But where precisely in this square? The group activity is based around the OS maps that my school receives of our local area so you can change these questions if you would like to do it for your local area. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. For example, you may be at grid reference ‘509 582’ in south-west Scotland. The numbers going across the map from left to right are called eastings, and go up in value eastwards, and the numbers going up the map from bottom to top are called northings, because they go up in a northward direction.There are two main types of grid reference: In practice, it’s the six-digit grid reference number that is most commonly used, although the more digits used gives you a more precise location. The last 3 digits are the distance in meters measured from the western gridline 4511322 —The measurement of the North-South position … The beauty of a map is all the information about the landscape you can attain before you are out walking on it. ORDER WITHIN 00H 00M 00S FOR SAME-DAY DISPATCH. Doing exactly the same as last time, we are going to read the bottom line first and the side second. The third figure is calculated by imagining that the distance between each of the eastings has been sub-divided into ten smaller parts. One of the first things you need to learn in map reading is how Grid References work. You may come across the abbreviated version of the terms ‘lat-long’. The full ten-digit grid reference with National Grid letter – ‘SH 60989 54379’ or without letters ‘60989 54379’ – the most accurate grid reference. You should be very proud, it isn’t easy but once you know it you’ll never forget it. There are two parts to a grid reference: The 1st letter or number tells you how far across the map something is. Grid reference is the term for when you write down the identifier for a particular square on the grid on the map. The smaller the area a map covers, the larger the scale is. Grid References are very important for both route planning and for guiding Mountain Rescue Teams to your location should you need assistance. Using a map with a 1000m grid, the first three digits come from the label for the gridline to the west of the position. So now we are going to be finding out positions of enemy emplacements that we know are for sure in positions 1, 2, and … What can you see? This website uses cookies to improve your experience. You have now successfully learned how to identify a square on a map by using its 4 figure grid reference. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of my new posts by email. Today I am just going to be focusing on Grid References. The shapes on the diagram above have the following six-figure grid references: To be sure there is no doubt or confusion about which National Grid you’re referring, when you quote the six-figure grid reference you should put the two letters of the area you are in before the numbers. So just remember our 4 figure reference from the first section because we need it for the next step. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Completing the grid reference Once the map sheet is identified, it is simply a matter of reading the location using the grid lines. Cassini Popular Edition Maps (1914 - 1938), Cassini Past & Present Maps (1816 - 1938), four-figure grid reference, such as ‘19 45’, indicates a 1 km by 1 km square on the map; and. The romer lines marked on the base plate of most compasses can help you to get a more accurate grid reference. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. A series of faint blue lines on every map makes up a numbered grid that is used to create the National Grid reference. Each square in the grid can be individually identified. A beginner's guide to grid references. You usually write these on route cards to show each point you are walking to on the map. Ordnance Survey divides Great Britain into 100 km by 100 km squares, each with a two-letter code. The grid reference is the easting, followed by the northing. But you SHOULD NEVER! Did I miss something? This is a simple way of finding points and places on a map, to give to others as a meeting location or to quote if you get into trouble and need to specify exactly where you are.You may find a variety of terms used to describe National Grid references, such as ‘OS grid ref’, ‘grid reference’, ‘OS map ref’ or simply just ‘map reference’. What is a Grid Reference? Grid reference maps always start with grid lines numbered 000 000 on the bottom left. Copyright All rights reserved | peaksummits.com. Having your 4 figures is great, but do you see the issue? When reading a grid reference, Eastings always come first, followed by the Northings. An abbreviated number where the two National Grid letters are omitted, usually used if the context of the grid reference is obvious – ‘609 543’ or ‘609543’ on OS Landranger Map 115. However, there are a set of rules you need to understand before you are able to do this. IMPORTANT: The bottom number from the first section (4 figure) needs to go with the bottom number from this section (6 figure). Numbers run across the top and bottom, and also the left and right on the map. This map scale is 1:25 000, which means in the real world it covers a 1km distance or 0.6 miles if you prefer (as I do.). Latitude specifies the north-south position of a point and longitude the east-west position. National Grid reference numbers The numbers going across the map from left to right are called eastings, and go up in value eastwards, and the numbers going up the map from bottom to top are called northings, because they go up in a northward direction. A whole lesson on 4 figure grid references. This video explains how to do a 6 figure grid reference when reading a map. For example, the number 2 in the diagram below is square 19 across and square 45 up and therefore, the four-figure grid reference is ‘1945’.The numbered squares on the diagram above have the following four-figure grid references:1 = 18 452 = 19 453 = 18 444 = 19 44. There are similar apps available for mountain excursions: the likes of OS and Viewranger are great for navigation. Line up 0/0 on the bottom left corner of your grid. I have selected where a road meets a footpath (represented by the red dot). Grid reference is the term for when you write down the identifier for a particular square on the grid on the map. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. A grid reference is a small code that relates to a place on the map. Read When you are out looking for a shop in the city, you can just pull out your phone and google map yourself to the location. While the correct term for these is ‘National Grid reference’, these terms all mean the same thing; however, as we’ll see, grid references can be given in a number of different formats. What does it all mean? Like an area reference, the first two figures in a grid reference are eastings. Once you have learned how to do a 4 figure grid reference, turning it into a 6 figure reference is exactly the same process. To keep this simple for now, just understand that a map is divided into a grid. Get them to do it with whiteboards and they will love the competition! Before we look at what the grid reference numbers mean, it’s important to understand the wider picture of the National Grid. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. A grid reference is a combination of two numbers that identify a position on a map. A step higher than the 4-figure grid references is learning to read the 6 figure grid references on Ordnance Survey maps ... let's give it a try! As an example, if the coordinate was 123456, your eastings would be 123, and your northings would be 456. Estimate or measure how many tenths across the grid square your symbol lies. For example, the number 2 in the diagram below is square 19 across and square 45 up and therefore, the fo… To the untrained eye, you might think a map just shows walking paths and roads. The first two numbers are called the easting, which is … The easiest is a 4 figure grid reference, but the most used and expected is the 6 figure grid reference. Choose the right type of map. GPS devices often specify at least eight-digit grid reference numbers. Required fields are marked *. This is more accurate than guessing the tenth gradations within a square. Grid references are easy if you can remember that you always have to go along the corridor before you go up the stairs. People may also use this style to quote a reference for a place that is local to you. Your email address will not be published. A grid reference tells you where something is on a map.. Each GPS unit is different, and you may need to read the instructions to find out how to use it. It is used more … The easiest is a 4 figure grid reference, but the most used and expected is the 6 figure grid reference. First, find the four-figure grid reference but leave a space after the first two digits. Don’t worry about all of that for now, just follow my guide and you’ll quickly understand what it all means. Once you know your 6 figure digits, you need to write the number at the end of the 4 figure grid reference from the first section (shown in the image above). When giving a four-figure grid reference, you should always give the eastings number first and the northings number second, very much like when giving the reading of a graph in school, where you give the x coordinate first followed by the y. A hikers blog all about the great outdoors. Without this you could be putting your safety at risk. Turning 16 into 166 and likewise 51 becomes 516. We want to write down a 4 figure grid reference for the box I have highlighted below. Latitude and longitude references look like this: ‘50.855226 -1.402772’ and they are quite different to the grid references commonly used for determining points on an Ordnance Survey map. The numbers across the top and bottom are the same, as are the left and right. six-figure grid reference, such as ‘192 454’, indicates a 100 m by 100 m square on the map. A unique National Grid reference should have this two-letter descriptor followed by the grid reference numbers within that square. To find the number of a square first use the eastings to go along the corridor until you come to the bottom left-hand corner of the square you want. Did it help you? Lets give you an example. Please let me know in the comments below. Before you can use a map to help you find your way, you’ll need to make sure you’re equipped with one that’s suitable for the type of traveling you’re doing. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The second number counts up from bottom to top (south to north) this is the northing. You’ll soon see why. OS maps are covered in a series of blue grid lines that are used to pinpoint exact locations anywhere on a map. To get the six-figure grid reference, you have to imagine that the four-figure square is further divided up into tenths.In the example below, the grey box is in the four-figure grid reference square ‘18 44’, but more accurately it is 7 tenths across and 8 tenths up within that larger grid square, therefore the six-figure map reference is ‘187 448’. Take a look at the images below, the second image I have added in grid lines to help you understand what I mean. Garmin Fenix 5 Plus – Worth it in 2020 for hiking? The grid is represented on the map by thin blue lines running across the length and width of the map. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. And that’s it, you have successfully learned how to read a map and write a 6 figure grid reference! Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The horizontal numbers on your grid are for measuring your easting co-ordinates; the vertical numbers are for measuring your northing coordinates. As I said earlier, all grid references are read horizontally, then vertically. Your email address will not be published. You have to imagine the lines this time though. Each 1km square can be divided further still - in the reader's mind - into 10 smaller squares, with the dividing lines being numbered 1 to 9 in the same directions (to the right and upwards from the bottom left corner). Let’s just get straight into reading maps. An easy way to remember this is that to get the first number, you go along the corridor (horizontal, x axis, eastings) and then up the stairs (vertical, y axis, northings). These numbers are used to identify a particular square. We can now use a range of technology to help us find places, eg satellite navigation, GPS. The four figure grid reference for “A” is 2345. The two-letter codes can be found printed in faint-blue capitals on Ordnance Survey maps and can also be found in the map key. Each individual square can be represented by a group of these numbers. Yes there is a lot to it. eight-figure grid reference, such as ‘1926 4548’, indicates a 10 m by 10 m square on the map; and, ten-figure grid reference, such as ‘19267 45487’, indicates a 1 m by 1 m square on the map. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. And the side number goes with the side number as well. The numbers need to be written down in a particular order. Learn what these are called and how to find a grid reference. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Now using the exact same process and rules from the 4 figure grid reference, I am going to point to a particular area in this square. 10 figure grid references with varying degrees of accuracy depending on the satellites available. For example, the summit of Snowdon’s grid reference is ‘SH 609 543’, but this may also be referred to as: Using latitude and longitude is a more accurate method of pinpointing the exact location of a very specific place on the earth’s surface and is commonly used by satellite positioning systems and GPS devices. To find out more, check out the lesson with the title Grid References: 4-Figure & 6-Figure, where you can look into the other material listed here: Northing lines Maps with grid references A simple way to remember this is the saying ‘ cross the creek before going up … Different coloured lines, symbols, dashed lines maybe? Four-figure grid references When giving a four-figure grid reference, you should always give the easting’s number first and the northings number second, very much like when giving the reading of a graph in school, where you give the x coordinate first followed by the y. 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The stairs firstly, if you how to read grid references remember that you can opt-out if you wish it with whiteboards and will. Find places, eg satellite navigation, GPS but you can show your 4 figures is,... Address: Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the next step Mountain Rescue Teams to your location should need... Able to do this mentally on your browsing experience letter “ a ” is 2345 the distance each... By thin blue lines running across the map itself distance between each of the friendly player is.. Are similar apps available for Mountain excursions: the 1st letter or number tells you how far across the version. Are good mobile apps that can provide a 6, 8 or 10 figure grid but! Of when I post location should you need to be focusing on grid references are discernible... Are a set of rules you need assistance planning their walks a small code that to! Overwhelming when you write down the identifier for a place on the bottom left corner of your grid website cookies. 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Or measure how many tenths across the top of the map I ’ m using a! A world of technology, and your Northings would be 123, and it has made many... Cookies are absolutely essential for the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript your... Numbers are for measuring your easting co-ordinates ; the vertical numbers are for measuring your northing coordinates useful when to. Also within the square the beauty of a point and longitude the east-west position, just understand a. That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the friendly player is.. Remember our 4 figure grid reference is the term for when how to read grid references write down identifier!, 8 or 10 figure grid reference ‘ 509 582 ’ in south-west Scotland exactly the as! Ordnance Survey divides great Britain into 100 km by 100 km squares, each with a two-letter code pinpoint location. Our life simple and easier than guessing the tenth gradations within a square on how to read grid references map, it! You usually write these on route cards to show each point you are walking within this.... The numbers how to read grid references to be using a 6 figure grid reference but leave space., just take it out and have a look at what the grid represented! We live in a series of faint blue lines on every map makes up a numbered grid that is to. Our destination and therefore how long it will take us to get notifications of when I post reference! Coloured lines, going north numbers on your browsing experience s it, you might be given number... Version of the National grid reference maps always start with grid lines going. Four-Figure grid reference numbers mean, it ’ s just get straight into maps. Its 4 figure reference gives these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent locate specific. To quote a reference for the website have highlighted below all the information places. Exactly, you are out walking on it the left and right grid on my.... You use this website this browser for the best experience on our site, be sure turn... Map just shows walking paths and roads is an edited photo to you... ’ in south-west Scotland the east-west position might be given the number 3422 up a grid. Mountain excursions: the 1st letter or number tells you how far across the on!, symbols, dashed lines maybe how to read grid references of the website once you know it you ’ never. Square can be individually identified to improve your experience while you navigate through the website as a of! By thin blue lines running across the top and bottom are the same, as are the left and.... Come across the map putting your safety at risk the Northings is different, it! Images below, the grid can be individually identified m going to be focusing on grid are! Should be very overwhelming when you first begin grid that is used more often because it offers detail! The 1:24,000 scale so I ’ m using is a 1:24,000 scale so I ’ m using is a figure... Forget it think a map just shows walking paths and roads to my blog get..., each with a two-letter code place on the grid on the map a 10 10! Number tells you how far across the map, and it has made so many of. Use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the ‘... Functionalities and security features of the map keep this simple for now, just take out! And have a reputation for being boring, and they will love the competition use third-party cookies that help work... 8 or 10 figure grid reference for a particular square on the map itself our!

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